Pithoragarh is a city with a Municipal Board in the Pithoragarh district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, was carved out of district of Almora in 1960.Pithoragarh is a small town, which gives its name to the district.
it lies in the centre of the western half of the Soar Vally which resembles the Kashmir valley on a miniature scale. It is prettily dotted with villages,generally placed on eminences. The view from some of the higher altitudes in Pithoragarh captures the snow-capped peaks of Panch Chulhi, Nanda Devi and Nanda Kot.
The town is set in a valley popularly known as "Soar" (root meaning is Cool) and lies in the centre of four hills Chandak, Dhwaj, Kumdar and Thal Kedar, and stretches in the southern flank to Jhulaghat demarcated by the Kali river adjoining the barren peaks of Nepal Hills.
it is snuggled in the folds of four kots Bhatkot, Dungerkot, Udaikot and Unchakot. Pithoragarh, is known as the gateway to the Himalayas from the north, as pilgrims trek through this town to the Kailash,Lake Manasarover, and Om parvat. It was in the wake of the Chinese aggression that on the 24th Feb. 1960, a sizeable section of Almora district was carved into Pithoragarh district containing extreme border areas with its head quarters in Pithoragarh town. On 15th September 1997, the Champawat Tehsil, hitherto under Pithoragarh, was carved into Champawat district.
The Pithoragarh town is located at a height of 1645 meters above sea level.The district lies between 29.4° to 30.3° North latitude and 80° to 81° East longitude along the eastern and southern part of the central Himalayas with Indo-Tibbetan watershed divide in the north and the Kali river forming a continuous border with Nepal in the east.
The Pithoragarh district is surrounded by the national boundaries of Almora, Champawat,Bageshwar and Chamoli districts and extends over an area of 7,217.7 sq. Kms.